Birds of São Tomé

Birds of São Tomé

– Emergency action to halt threats to Critically Endangered birds of São Tomé 

Year: 2012
: BirdLife International

Project Background
São Tome and Príncipe, constitutes one of the most important countries for biodiversity in the world. It has a high level of endemism of many taxonomic groups. The islands host 95 bird species of which 27 species are endemic to the islands. The island is one of Africa’s major centres of wildlife endemism. The island holds three Critically Endangered bird species – the São Tomé Fiscal (Lanius newtoni), the São Tomé Grosbeak (Neospiza concolor), and the Dwarf Olive Ibis (Bostrychia bocagei) – which are found nowhere else on earth. All three species occur in the lowland forests in the south-west of the island. These forests have been classified as the second most important forests for bird conservation in Africa. In 2006, most of these São Tomé forests received legal protection with the establishment of the Obô Natural Park, which became the most important refuge for these species. The park and its buffer zone covers almost one third of the island and the habitat of the three Critically Endangered bird species occurs almost exclusively within the Park. The Monte Carmo area of the Park is one of the few places where all the endemic bird species of São Tomé are known to occur. In particular, the Monte Carmo area is regarded as a major stronghold for the Dwarf Olive Ibis

Project Goal
This project was aimed at taking emergency action to halt the escalating habitat destruction and the pressure from hunting which threatened to drive three Critically Endangered (CR) bird species to extinction in Sao Tome.  Specifically, the purpose of the project was to improve the conservation status of Critically Endangered bird species in the Monte Carmo Forests by reducing threats from hunting and habitat degradation posed by the Palm Oil Plantations.

pdficon_largeHalting Threats to Critically Endangered Birds in Sao Tome – Final Project Report (PDF 1.065kb)